Miscarriage : Causes And Consequences

Aug 25, 2011 No Comments by

According to official statistics, approximately 15% of pregnancies end in miscarriage. In fact, the percentage is much higher, but since there is an interruption in the very early stages, the woman did not notice it. For her, just in time or a short delay your period comes, which can be hardly feels harder than usual. What can cause miscarriage and how to help a woman inform the pregnancy to term?

There are so-called critical periods, when a woman should be as attentive to her health:

I – 10-12 weeks of pregnancy;

II – if abortions were earlier period of previous miscarriages;

III – 26-28 weeks of pregnancy.

Miscarriage can be either sporadic (ie, random, something provoked) or usual (when there are two or more). And with every abortion increases the risk of the next, but even with habitual miscarriage risk following pregnancy does not exceed 50%.

Today it is a miscarriage is the basis for a serious approach to women’s health .

But, unfortunately, we do not always responsibly treat any health problems. It often happens that after the first miscarriage in women who are in strong nervous stress , frightened (and suddenly not be a happy pregnancy?), immediately and without any preliminary examination, the newly pregnant.

Relaxed body responds again miscarriage, after which the woman is already in full panic finally runs to the doctor. But already there are at least twice, scraped, scarred uterus. And if this was before abortion ? It turns out that the conditions for the start of treatment is much worse than could have been a couple of years ago.

Medical causes of miscarriage:

1. Genetic factors Or in other words, natural selection. Interruption of early pregnancy occurs due to chromosomal and genetic abnormalities.

2. Endocrine (hormonal) disorders. ovarian hormone insufficiency, thyroid disease, adrenal gland, diabetes, menstrual irregularities, which may be associated with dysfunction of the ovaries (adnexitis, polycystic), hyperandrogenism (increased number of male sex hormones, ovarian or adrenal origin) , hyperprolactinemia (for example, can be formed against the backdrop of the abolition of contraceptives).

3. Autoimmune disorders , in particular the rhesus (Rh) – a conflict that arises between the mother c Rh (-) and the result of Rh (+).

4. Developmental abnormalities and pathology of female genital mutilation . These include the one-horned, two-horned uterus, septum in the uterus (usually this pathology causes an abortion at a later date).

5. Cervical incompetence (CIN) , usually of traumatic origin (ie – a consequence of abortion)

6. The pathology of sexual organs ( uterine fibroids, endometriosis).

7. Infection . It is believed that the most dangerous infection for pregnant women may be determined by an acronym-TORCH.

T-Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma),

O-Others (other infections: flu, SARS, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, chlamydia, etc.),

R-Rubella (German measles)

C-Cytomegalovirus (CMV),

H-Herpes (herpes infection).

Treatment during pregnancy is difficult: a very limited choice of drugs without contraindications, limited duration of treatment.

Therefore, early screening to detect such infections, as well as their timely and proper treatment can help you avoid potential problems during pregnancy

8. Severe physical illness (pathology of the cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, etc.).

9. Individual response to certain medications . For example, the contractions may be caused by some laxatives.

The so-called “social factor

“There are numerous sociological surveys, which confirm the great impact of this particular factor in the development of pregnancy in women. Joint (not always smooth) residence of several families , poor nutrition , occupational diseases – all of this just creates a certain social environment and affects not the best way to health and mental state.

1. The women themselves as a major cause of miscarriage (or in the vernacular – a miscarriage) in 80 percent called nervous stress .

2. Bad habits: smoking, alcohol, drugs, excessive caffeine consumption . However, if a woman, not knowing about the pregnancy, consumed some alcohol, for example, on holiday, do not worry. Most doctors believe that these doses to the child’s development is not affected. It is only about serious abuses. At the same time scientifically proven that passive smoking is complicating pregnancy.

3. Adverse environmental conditions

4. “Harmful” and occupational diseases (Radiation, contact with toxic substances and chemicals);

5. Heavy exercise during pregnancy , trauma, and sometimes by excessive physical training .

How to identify the threat?

Clinical manifestations depend directly on the stage of pregnancy and abortion in general, these special vaginal discharge .. They may be brownish and spotting, or obviously red and more abundant. Sometimes they are associated with abdominal pain.

In any suspicions of such deviations woman should immediately contact doctor without delay.

When threatened miscarriage and possibly begun continuation of the pregnancy. It will require the expectant mother not only desire, but the strict implementation of the recommendations of doctors.

What then …?

Remember that miscarriage can happen in any social group, in any geographic region, and in any age group. However, there is most at risk. For example, older parents, the greater the risk of genetic abnormalities. A mother at the age of 18 years, on the contrary, the risk increases because of the immature organism. The centerpiece of this dramatic situation for any woman – in time to see a specialist, to pass the necessary examination and thus prepare the body for pregnancy .

Examination after suffering a miscarriage should be comprehensive, which include communication with the therapist.

Indeed, any woman who has survived a miscarriage, need psychological help . Often at the time of heartache from the loss of the woman begins to blame herself for what happened, imposes itself to blame real and artificially attracted the possible causes of the incident. I think you understand that man is not omnipotent, something a person does something nature – not all to the person. Even if you feel that you have made ​​real mistakes, just keep them in the future, they are not repeated.

It happens that even close do not always understand the depth of feelings experienced by the woman. Do not judge them for it, because it is in the mother’s heart the love of a child comes before all. However, it is possible that relatives and husband, parents also perceived that deep grief and in their attempt to survive, and, perhaps, to comfort you.

Sexual activity can resume no earlier than 2 weeks after the miscarriage ,

when the cease discharge from the genital tract. Over the next 6 months is recommended to use contraception – for example, condom or spermicide. During this time the body will accumulate strength, and your mental state back to normal.

With the advent of a new pregnancy, remember that the key to future moms – is calmness and confidence that things will work, because the mental attitude plays a huge role.

During the first trimester should avoid sexual intercourse to women who have previous pregnancy ended in miscarriage or a threat of miscarriage, and if there was such a threat to the pregnancy.

Drug addicted pregnant women need to stop taking drugs before they miscarry. Whether they sign up for a luxury drug treatment program or just a regular one, the important thing is to keep themselves and their unborn child safe .


Managing A Complicated Pregnancy, Staying Healthy
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