Since centuries the art of making jewelry has reached unprecedented heights that can now afford a wealthy woman, is a true work of art. We made their ratings of the greatest jewelry brands in history.
1. Tiffany & Co
History of Tiffany & Co has its roots in 1837 when Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young established Tiffany & Young company and opened a store on Broadway, 259 New York, where they sold a variety of luxury items.
In this case the price of goods was not discussed and did not decrease – it was truly revolutionary word in the trade of that time. On the first day of the income amounted to 4.98 dollar store.
Soon the owners chose turquoise as an element of the brand, so even now, these ornaments are sold in turquoise boxes and similar bags.Tiffany & Co – the first American company that was using a standard sample of silver 925/1000, and later it was this test has become the standard for the U.S..
Have jewelry from Tiffany extremely honored, including customer jewelry company even has the royal family. The film “Breakfast at Tiffany’s” (1961) with Audrey Hepburn in the title role made famous brand in the world.
Daniel Swarovski was born in 1862 in Bohemia (Czech Republic) in the family carver on the glass, it is not surprising that in 1892 he invented and patented automatic ogranochnuyu car, thanks to which the production of crystals accelerated.
The quality was and is beyond praise – Swarovski crystals is not shameful to even wear diamonds lover.The secret to handling the crystals carefully concealed, but we know that a big role in their diamond brilliance has lead oxide (35%), and special coatings.
For example, the most famous cover – Aurora Borealis («Northern Lights”), it creates an iridescent effect glare. Proprietary brand logo, a swan appeared only in 1988, and before that time was a symbol of Swarosvki flower edelweiss.
The name of the brand correctly pronounced “Bulgari”, because «v» in word Bvlgari – ancient Roman writing the letter “y”.
Its success to the company owes Greek Sotirios Bulgarisu (1857-1932), founded in Rome in 1884. Bulgari jewelry design – a mix of Greek and Roman styles. After the death of his Sotirio case was continued by his sons, Constantino and Giorgio. Innovation, which brought to life Bulgari Europe – now familiar to us all a network of boutiques. By the way, now more than 230 Bulgari around the world.
Interesting fact from the biography of the family: during World War II, Constantino Bulgari and his wife hid from the Nazis in his home of Jewish Women.In addition to jewelry Bvlgari company known worldwide for its watches and perfumes.
The founder of this company – Louis Francois Cartier (1819-1904). His success is obliged Louis Cartier Princess Mathilde – niece of Napoleon Bonaparte. She and her close to the aristocracy, and the Empress Eugenie, wife of Napoleon III, became regular shopper jewelry Cartier.
Jewelry from Cartier has always been true works of art. Until Cartier considered bad form to use as ornaments or figurines of animals, insects, but Cartier broke the stereotypes of society, proving that such brooches can look luxurious.
Like Bvlgari, Cartier brand is famous for its clock, inlaid with precious stones, stylish fountain pens, lighters, perfume …For example, in 1917 the brand launched the famous clock called the Tank, whose design resembles the shape of the tank, and devoted their American Tank Corps during World War II. Hours of this model adorned wrist Jackie Onassis, Elton John, Truman Capote.
Chopard Company was founded in 1860 Sonvillier in the mountains of Switzerland, Louis-Ulysses Chopart, which at that time was only 24 years and is internationally known for its watches, jewelry and accessories.
It is home Chopard – or rather, its designer Ronald Kurowski – the idea of ”floating diamonds» (Happy Diamonds), ie, freely moving gems inside the dial, rings, bracelets …
The idea to create such an admiration for the master visited the waterfall and the splash in the German “Black Forest”.Kurowski said: “Diamonds seem happy only when they are left to dance, move around the dial, sparkling and reflecting light, like spray from a waterfall.” Opening with “floating diamond” is still popular and considered classics.
6. Van Cleef & Arpels
The very name of the brand combines the two names: in 1896 the wedding took place two representatives of the families involved in the sale of gems, Estelle Arpels and Alfred Van Cleef.
10 years after the event, in 1906, the couple opened a jewelry store in the heart of Paris – on the place Vendome.Van Cleef & Arpels are known for their know-how under the name Mystery Settings («invisible frame”), patented in 1933. With this technology, the jewelers at home was effective continuity of precious cover.
Another invention brand – a bracelet with a hidden hour dial. As it is now hard to believe, but in 20-30 years it was considered indecent to wear watches on his arm. Now this prejudice is irrelevant, and wrist-watch still in demand.Among the admirers of the brand – Marlene Dietrich, Ava Gardner, Sophia Loren, Audrey Hepburn, Elizabeth Taylor, Claudia Cardinale, Romy Schneider, Brigitte Bardot, Catherine Deneuve, Julia Roberts, Uma Thurman, Scarlett Johansson, and many other celebrities and members of royal families.
Japanese Kokiti Mikimoto (1858-1954) famous for being the first to obtain artificial pearls. It is noteworthy that our hero began to sell noodles and vegetables, and only thanks to the dowry of his wife was able to purchase a farm, where he engaged in cultivation of oysters.
On his farm, Mikimoto began to develop technology for growing pearls. This work took many years until Mikimoto did not get a perfectly round pearl.
Schematically the process looks like this: inside the three-year oysters was placed a piece of molded shells, and sit down next to a piece of pearl oysters cancer are younger, so around the ball shaped pearl layer. The technology was patented in 1908. Jewelry Mikimoto meet the strictest standards of quality: only three to five hundred of the pearls are selected to create jewelry.
History of Italian jewelry house dates from the middle of the XVIII century, when its founder, Contardo Buccellati, began to create jewelry and silverware. However, the basics of corporate identity Buccellati laid his son – Mario.
Jewelry Buccellati – it’s fine handmade in the style of “High Baroque” with attention to detail. Buccellati annually produces no more than 3000-4000 articles, and frequently they are made descendants of the founders of the hands of the brand.
Now the head office is located in Milan, and led his son Mario Buccellati is – Gianmaria. Among the clients Buccellati – the royal houses of Italy, Belgium, Spain, Egypt and the Vatican.
Harry Winston (1896-1978) – son of an American jeweler and immigrant from Ukraine. Legend has it that at the age of 12 years, Harry saw at a pawn shop emerald 2 carats, bought it for 25 cents and two days later sold it for $ 800.
Harry Winston was famous for buying up old ornaments and handles them in a contemporary vein, thus giving a second life. At the same time the quality of raw materials make the highest demands – in Harry Winston jewelry under the rim will never conceal defects. The stones are clean and are completely open eyes buyer.
Diamonds are Harry Winston epitomize luxury and glamor, it is often possible to see the stars, crossing the red carpet. In the famous song of Marilyn Monroe “Diamonds – a girl’s best friend» («Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best friend») there is mention of Harry Winston in the line: «Talk to me, Harry Winston, tell me all about it!
Lawrence Earl was born in 1938 in a family of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe. Lawrence began to repair jewelry in a small store, and when he closed, started sending their designs in jewelry companies all over England.
At the age of 24 years he has already had two of their own jewelry store in London. Now Earl – one of the richest people in the UK. Graff presents a brilliant work of art. through the hands of masters of Graff were such famous stones as the “Hope of Africa” (115.91 carats), “Paragon” (the largest flawless diamond in the world), “Golconda” (50 carat, presumably adorned Indian throne of the emperor who built the Taj Mahal).
Graff sells its jewelry to all, without exception, the royal houses of Europe, even the Queen Elizabeth wears jewelry from Graff. Among the fans of the brand – Madonna, Gwyneth Paltrow, Ivana Trump, Sharon Stone, as well as Eastern sheiks and famous oligarchs. And this despite the fact that the company is relatively young: Graff Diamonds of 50 years.